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Labiaplasty is a surgical procedure to modify the appearance of the labia minora, the inner folds of skin surrounding the vaginal opening. It’s most commonly performed to reduce the size of the labia minora, but it can also be used for augmentation or reshaping.

Reasons for Labiaplasty

  • Physical Discomfort: Enlarged labia can cause irritation, chafing, or discomfort during activities like exercise, intercourse, or wearing tight clothing.
  • Cosmetic Concerns: Some individuals may desire a more symmetrical or aesthetically pleasing appearance for their labia.
  • Gender-Affirming Surgery: Labiaplasty can be part of gender-affirming surgery for transgender women.


Labiaplasty is typically performed as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. The surgeon removes a wedge of tissue from the labia minora and stitches the remaining edges together to create a desired size and shape.


  • Reduced discomfort during activities
  • Improved self-confidence and body image
  • Can address asymmetry
  • Part of gender-affirming surgery


  • Surgical procedure with potential risks like infection, bleeding, and scarring.
  • Discomfort and swelling during recovery
  • Numbness or altered sensation in the labia (may be temporary or permanent)
  • Potential for dissatisfaction with the cosmetic outcome


  • Non-surgical options: Wearing loose-fitting clothing or using lubricants may help manage discomfort.
  • Body Positivity: Accepting the natural variation in labia appearance is an alternative to surgery.

Recovery Time

  • Initial healing takes 1-2 weeks, with restrictions on activity and sexual intercourse.
  • Discomfort and swelling may subside over several weeks.
  • Full recovery with unrestricted activity can take up to 4-6 weeks.


This information is intended for general knowledge only and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. Consulting a board-certified gynecologist or plastic surgeon is essential to discuss the risks, benefits, candidacy, and specific details of labiaplasty. It’s important to understand your motivations for considering this procedure and explore all options before making a decision. Remember, there’s a wide range of normal labia appearance, and what’s considered “ideal” is subjective.

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